DISEASES - PILE / HEMORRHOIDS
Piles / Hemorrhoids are displaced anal cushions. The cushions are normal structures that have a rich arterial supply leading directly into distensible venous spaces. They help seal the upper anal canal and contribute to continence.
Symptoms & Diagnosis
Bleeding and prolapse,bright red blood dripping into and splashed around the pan after bowel action suggests hemorrhoids. Swelling of the cushion in the anal canal which disrupts a smooth flow of the bowel action.
Bleeding is more of a problem in younger patients as the sphincter tone is higher, and it may occasionally cause aneamia.
1st degree-Bleeding only
2nd degree-Prolapse,reduces spontaneously
3rd degree-Prolapse,needs pushing back
- Not known
- Mechanical problems - abnormal ano-rectal angle
- Straining while passing stools
- Chronic diarrhoeal conditions
- Increased intra-abdominal pressure